Online learning vs in class format

Critique the following research paper:

Schulman, A., Sims, R. L. (1999). Learning in an online format versus an in-class format: An experimental study. T.H.E Journal. (Online), June, 1999. Retrieved April 15, 2000. URL:


Explain your overall opinion of this research paper and include references to  the hypotheses being clear, testable, and specific; the sample size; the research method; confounding variables; and are the conclusions justified.

The article critique paper must:

* be a minimum of 9 typed pages and a maximum of 11 full pages, size 12 font, double spaced with 1 inch margins, NOT including the Cover and References pages

* have an APA style cover page and reference page

* be proofread and contain minimal to no grammar errors, misspellings, incorrect APA formatting, or typographical errors)


* cover all components IN ORDER denoted in the Critique Outline below


1)  Introduction


  1. Issue identified in the article
  2. Source of the issue
  3. Significance of the issue
  4. Feasibility of the issue for study
  5. Scope of the literature review
  6. Theoretical context of the issue
  7. Hypotheses/research questions
  8. Variables of interest

2) Methodology


  1. Description of the research design
  2. Control of extraneous variables
  3. Assessing internal and external validity
  4. How the sample was obtained
  5. Measurement instruments
  6. Reliability and validity of those instruments
  7. Sources of measurement error
  8. Ethical considerations

3) Data Analysis



  1. Data analysis procedures
  2. Presentation of results; Use of tables
  3. Interpretation of results

4) Communicating Findings



  1. Forums of findings
  2. Limitations
  3. Alternative explanations
  4. Implications for the practitioner
  5. Implications for future research
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