The Supreme Court's role in Criminal Justice

The focus of the Systems Paper will be on the system-wide effects that various Supreme Court decisions have had, and continue to have, on the field of criminal justice. You will select a Supreme Court case from the list provided below, outline details of the case and its deposition, and trace the ruling’s repercussions as the various components of the criminal justice system are affected. A single decision has the capacity to greatly alter criminal justice operating procedures. Some decisions have important effects, but their ability to create system-wide changes in policy is moderate. Other decisions have seemingly mundane outcomes, yet end up causing vast changes in policy for various components of the criminal justice system.

First, select one Supreme Court case from the list below: •Tennessee v. Garner (1985) •Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) •Miranda v. Arizona (1966) •Cooper v. Pate (1964) •Cruz v. Beto (1972) •Furman v. Georgia (1972) •Williams v. Florida (1970) •Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) •Powell v. Alabama (1932) •Harris v. United States (1968) •Terry v. Ohio (1968) •Florida v. Harris (2013) •Mapp v. Ohio (1961) •Weeks v. United States (1914) •Illinois v. Perkins (1990)

Using the selected case, in your paper; •Summarize the background and details of the case and the justices’ ruling. •Identify the specific component of the criminal justice system that was most affected by the Supreme Court’s ruling. •Provide an in-depth analysis of any operational policy, hiring, or training policy that was, or would be, required to change due to the legal decision. •Describe what systemic effect the Supreme Court’s decision had, or has, for the remaining components of the justice system. •Detail how a single Court ruling can have systemic effects. •Identify and trace system-wide transformation caused by a particular Court ruling.

Cite quotations taken directly from the original court case transcripts. Only select one case from the list upon which to build your paper. Citations and basic information pertaining to each case can be found in the Peak (2015) text. For more in depth discussions and original Court documentation, a FindLaw, Oyez, Google, or Bing search will elicit a plethora of reputable sources. Remember, Wikipedia should never be considered a reputable source of scholarly information.

The Systems Paper •Must be 12 to 15 double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. •Must include a title page with the following: ◦Title of paper ◦Student’s name ◦Course name and number ◦Instructor’s name ◦Date submitted

•Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement. •Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. •Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis. •Must use at least 10 scholarly sources in addition to the course texts. References should be primary, not secondary. For example, if one reads a section pertaining to Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in the Peak (2015) text, the reference should feature the original court case, not from your textbook. The web site, Oyez, can be of assistance in obtaining in-depth legal information pertaining to case details and court rulings. •Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. •Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

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